Due to Hollywood and a lot of misinformation, the Doberman is often seen as a fierce, protective, intimidating breed. While they are excellent guard dogs, the Doberman also makes an excellent pet.
Here are 58 facts to help better inform you about this majestic breed.
1. The Doberman is a fairly new dog breed. The Doberman breed is less than 150 years old. Originating in Germany in the early 1880s.
2. The Doberman was first bred by a Tax Collector by the name of Herr Karl Louis Dobermann.
3. Herr’s career took him to some rather shady parts of town and he felt he needed a travel companion to protect him, resulting in the Doberman.
4. More than two dogs went into creating the Doberman. The German Shorthaired Pointer, Rottweiler, Weimaraner, Manchester Terrier, Great Dane, Beauceron, Black and Tan Terrier, and Greyhound are all part of this dog breed.
5. Tail and ear docking once had a purpose. Bred to be guard dogs, the tail and ears were the Dobermans weak point. A threat could pull the dog to the ground by pull of the ears and tail.
6. Dobermans can do any job. Dobes have been used for police work, coursing, scent tracking, diving, therapy, search and rescue, as well as guiding the blind.
7. The Doberman is a Film Star. In the 1972’s a film called, The Doberman Gang was made. It’s a film about “six savage Dobes with a thirst for cold cash that leaves banks bone dry.” two sequels were made of the film.
8. The Doberman is a war hero. A Doberman named Kurt was the first canine causality in the 1944 Battle of Guam during WWII. Kurt ran ahead of the troops to warm them of approaching enemy soldiers. The brave dog saved the soldiers, but was killed by an enemy grenade. Kurt became the first dog buried in the United States Marine Corps War Dog Cemetery.
10. Doberman dogs have been a part of Drill Teams.
11. The Doberman Drill Teams were started by Tess Henseler, showcasing the dog’s intelligence and agility. The first of these performances was in 1959 at the Westminster KC dog show in Madison Square Garden, New York.
12. Decades of breeding has made the Doberman gentler. The first Dobermans were bred to be fierce and only the toughest dogs were selected to carry out the breed.
13. Today, however, breeders are selecting a more loving group of dogs to carry out this species.
14. The Doberman dog breed originates from Germany.
15. The Doberman was originally bred to be used as a guard dog.
16. Dobes are medium in size. Reaching heights between 25-27 inches tall.
17. The Doberman has a smooth, shorthaired coat with no undercoat.
18. Unlike other short haired dog breeds, this dog’s hair coat molts.
19. Black and tan are the traditional hair coat colors of the Doberman, but they can also be seen in fawn and tan, blue and tan, as well as liver and tan.
20. The Doberman is happy living anywhere just as long as he has plenty of room to be active and human companionship.
21. Dobermans hate the cold.
22. Dobermans do not like to get wet and often refuse to go outside in the rain.
23. Heat stroke is common in black and tan Dobes, as the black coats draw heat.
24. Despite their larger size, Dobermans prefer living inside the home. For other dogs that love living inside with their human companions check out this article.
25. Dobermans are in your face dogs, they alway want to be involved in what the family is doing.
26. Dobermans must be treated with respect and never mishandled, or they will become aggressive.
27. Dobermans are extremely loyal, proud and affectionate dogs.
28. The Doberman dog breed is prone to Cervical Spondylitis also known as Canine Wobbler Syndrome.
29. The Doberman is prone to Dilated Cardiomyopathy or heart failure.
30. Von Willebrand’s Disease, a condition in which the dog’s body slowly becomes paralyzed over time, is a hereditary defect of the Doberman.
31. Hip Dysplasia is commonly seen in the Doberman breed.
32. Hypothyroidism, a decreased production of the Thyroid hormone, is not uncommon for this dog breed.
33. As Dobermans age, they tend to develop arthritis.
34. Fatty lumps are known to be found in the Doberman dog breed.
35. Lick Granulomas which are open sores on the skin caused by excessive licking are seen in Dobermans with neurological problems, depression and boredom. For more information on the dangers of excessive licking, read our articles on hot spots.
36. The Doberman dog breed was given its name after Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, the tax collector who created the breed, after he/who died in 1894.
37. The American Kennel Club recognized the Doberman breed in 1908.
38. The Doberman is the 14th most popular dog in the United States today.
39. Throughout the 20th century, Dobermans were used as military and police dogs.
40. The Doberman was the official war dog of the U.S. Marine Corps during WWII.
41. Doberman is spelled with two “N”s on the end of the word in some countries.
42. In other countries, the Doberman is known as the Dobermann and the Dobermann Pinscher.
43. The term Pinscher means “ratting dog” in German. It is unclear as to why Pinscher was added to the Doberman name, but scholars believe it is due to early breeding of another pinscher breed to the Doberman.
44. The Dobermans DNA suggests a strong connection to German Shepherd ancestry. Meaning that the same genetic makeup used to protect and herd livestock runs through the veins of the Doberman.
45. The AKC, or American Kennel Club, recognizes this dog as a working dog as many Dobermans are still actively working.
47. The Doberman has excellent hearing, hearing sounds over 250 yards away.
48. Dobermans are famous for ignoring their owners if they do not want to do what they are being asked.
49. Dobermans can get jealous. Dobermans want all your attention and might get into a jealous fizzy if you are giving your attention to the cat.
50. Remember how we said Dobermans are smart? They can learn up to 50 words of the human language.
51. This is a very active breed, the Doberman requires at least 40 minutes of exercise each day.
52. Dobermans do not need to be specially trained to guard your home, they have natural guarding instincts.
53. The Doberman is great with children.
54. The Doberman loves to cuddle.
55. Although active, the Dobe often considers himself a lapdog. He’ll curl right up next to you if given the chance!
56. The Doberman wants to be with you every second of the day, including bedtime.
57. Dobermans love their owners, but are reluctant to greet strangers.
58. Dobermans can be very quiet dogs. You may not know he is even in the room.
Just like every breed, the Doberman breed is not meant for everyone, that said, they are wonderful pets for those pet owners that can handle them.
About the Author
Mary Beth Miller is a registered veterinary technician from southeast Iowa. She works in a large/small animal veterinary clinic and also volunteers at the local Humane Society, Emergency Animal Care Center, as well as the Iowa Parrot Rescue. Her passion lies in helping save the lives of animals. MaryBeth has three dogs, a Siberian husky named Rocky and two rescue dogs named Sambita and Nina.